Your teeth are an important part of your mouth and have several essential roles; including chewing, speech, and aesthetics. They are strong and withstand much daily use.
However, while the teeth are the hardest substance in the human body, they are not impervious to damage.
When they do suffer damage, both your oral and your overall health are compromised. Because your teeth are so important, saving them is a top priority.
While there are several treatments available to restore damaged teeth, there are still some instances in which teeth cannot be saved. In the event of severely damaged teeth, Pacific Maxillofacial Center, can perform a tooth extraction.
Why Do Teeth Need to Be Extracted?
When you have a damaged tooth, it is important to have it examined as soon as possible. Untreated teeth can have serious consequences, including painful infections.
Infections can affect more than just the damaged tooth and the surrounding area. Bacteria from the infection can spread into the bloodstream, which can contribute to health issues such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
When you come in with a damaged tooth, the first thing we do is perform a thorough oral exam. We look at the teeth, as well as the surrounding gum tissue.
We also take dental x-rays, which allows us to see the areas under the gumline, including the roots of your teeth and their supporting structures.
We can assess the extent of the damage and explore what other treatment options might be available before deciding to extract.
Common Reasons Teeth Need to Be Extracted Include:
||Severe tooth decay. In the event of severe tooth decay, cavities may damage a tooth to the point it cannot be repaired by a filling or dental crown.
||Severe periodontal disease. When the supporting gums and bones are compromised, teeth may become loose and may need to be removed.
||Cracks that travel below the gumline, or are entirely below the gumline. Cracks below the gumline cannot be protected by a crown. Bacteria can leak through these cracks and cause infection.
||Teeth that have split completely in half, or that have shattered.
Simple Tooth Extractions
There are two types of extractions used for removing teeth. The first is known as a simple extraction. These extractions are typically done using local anesthetic (numbing medication), although sedation may be provided as necessary.
The tooth is gripped with forceps and moved back and forth to widen the socket. Once the socket is wide enough, the tooth is lifted free.
What Are Surgical Tooth Extractions?
Surgical extractions are used when teeth present more complicated issues. The affected tooth may be stuck below the gumline, it may be broken or shattered, or bone may block it.
Before surgery, sedation is provided as necessary, and a local anesthetic is administered. Incisions are then made in the gums, which exposes the tooth and the bone surrounding it.
We then remove the tooth. In some cases, a small amount of bone may also be removed to access the entire tooth. We may also need to cut the tooth into smaller pieces to remove it.
Once the entire tooth is removed, the site is cleaned. Oftentimes a stitch may be placed to help facilitate the healing process.
Once your damaged teeth have been extracted, it is important to have them replaced. Your options for replacements, such as dental implants, will be discussed with you, to help you find the best solution for your needs.
If you have any questions about tooth extractions, call Pacific Maxillofacial Center, today at 808-585-8455.